Puffed rice/Murmura/snack

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Puffed rice

Puffed rice is a crispy snack made by expanding rice kernels through heating. The process involves exposing rice to high pressure and then rapidly releasing it, causing the rice to puff up. This results in a light and crispy texture, often used in breakfast cereals, snacks, or various culinary dishes.


Puffed rice has ancient origins and is believed to have originated in India, where it has been a traditional food for centuries. The process of puffing rice was likely discovered accidentally, and over time, it became a popular snack and ingredient in various regional cuisines. Puffed rice has since gained popularity worldwide for its versatility and light texture.

Puffed rice is considered a healthy snack for several reasons. It is low in calories, fat, and sodium, making it a suitable option for those watching their weight or looking for a light snack. Additionally, puffed rice is gluten-free and a good source of carbohydrates, providing quick energy. However, it’s essential to balance it with other nutrient-rich foods for a well-rounded diet.

Uses of puffed rice

Puffed rice is versatile and can be used in various ways:

  1. Snacks: Eaten on its own as a light and crispy snack.
  2. Breakfast Cereals: Used as an ingredient in breakfast cereals or mixed with milk and sweeteners.
  3. Chaat: A key ingredient in Indian street food like Bhel Puri and other chaat dishes.
  4. Desserts: Incorporated into desserts like rice krispie treats or used as a topping for ice cream and yogurt.
  5. Trail Mixes: Added to trail mixes for a crunchy element.
  6. Soups and Salads: Used as a garnish in soups or salads for added texture.
  7. Coating for Snacks: Used as a coating for snacks or appetizers to add a crunchy layer.

Its light and airy texture make puffed rice a versatile ingredient in both sweet and savory dishes.

How puffed rice is made

Puffed rice is typically made through a process called “expansion” or “puffing.” Here’s a simplified overview of the traditional method:

  1. Moisture Removal: Raw rice grains are first dried to reduce their moisture content. This is crucial for the grains to puff up effectively.
  2. Heating: The dried rice is then exposed to high heat. This can be done through various methods, such as dry roasting or using hot sand.
  3. Pressurization: The rice is placed in a sealed container, and pressure is rapidly increased. This can be achieved by sealing the container and heating it further.
  4. Rapid Depressurization: The sealed container is suddenly depressurized. The rapid change in pressure causes the moisture inside the rice grains to turn into steam, leading the grains to expand and puff up.
  5. Cooling: The puffed rice is then cooled, and excess moisture is removed to ensure a crisp texture.

This process results in the characteristic light and crispy texture of puffed rice. Modern methods might involve using specialized machinery for large-scale production, but the basic principles remain the same.

Puffed rice in India

In India, puffed rice is a popular and widely consumed ingredient, known locally as “murmura” or “muri.” It plays a significant role in Indian cuisine, especially in various regional snacks and street foods. Here are some common uses of puffed rice in India:

  1. Bhel Puri: A popular street food, Bhel Puri is a savory snack made with puffed rice, vegetables, chutneys, and spices.
  2. Jhal Muri: A Bengali snack, Jhal Muri includes puffed rice mixed with mustard oil, spices, peanuts, and chopped vegetables.
  3. Chivda: Puffed rice is a key ingredient in various types of chivda, a savory and crunchy snack often made during festivals.
  4. Laiyya: A traditional sweet dish from Bihar made with puffed rice, jaggery, and sometimes peanuts.
  5. Murmura Ladoo: Puffed rice is used to make sweet ladoos by binding it with jaggery or sugar.
  6. Mixture and Namkeens: Puffed rice is a common component in various mixtures and namkeens, adding a light and crispy texture.
  7. Breakfast Cereals: Puffed rice is also used in some breakfast cereals, often combined with nuts, dried fruits, and spices.

Its affordability, versatility, and light texture make puffed rice a beloved ingredient in both sweet and savory dishes across India.

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